New research by Dr Graham Oliver, staff at RAMM and at the Natural History Museum, London has identified type and potential type material in shell collections once belonging to Colonel George Montagu.

View Montagu’s type material

View all of Montagu’s collection (this will be gradually added to, approximately 600 lots)

Colonel George Montagu (1753-1815) is one of the British naturalists who established the foundation of modern scientific study. Montagu identified many British animal species for the first time. He was also among the earliest members of the Linnean Society. Linnean Society is one of the world’s leading organisations for the study of natural history. His particular interests included marine biology and ornithology and the common names of several animal species bear his name: Montagu’s blenny, harrier, ray, sucker, and sea snail.

A drawer of specimens belonging to shell collector George MontaguMontagu collected shells

One of Montagu’s most important works was ‘Testacea Britannica: a Natural history of British shells, marine, land, and fresh-water, including the most minute: systematically arranged and embellished with figures’. He published this in 1803. Later he also published a supplement to the first volume. Montagu used his own collection of shells for the descriptions and illustrations.

In November 1874 Montagu’s natural son, Henry D’Orville, donated some of his shell collection to RAMM. The Natural History Museum in London also holds a small number of Montagu’s shells. Both collections include type material. It is also possible that some have found their way to a museum in Washington, USA.

RAMM’s collections contain other type material too.

A new publication

A new review of Montagu’s mollusc type specimens is available online. The paper is open access and available to download free of charge.

Oliver PG, Morgenroth H, Salvador A (2017) Type specimens of Mollusca described by Col. George Montagu in the Royal Albert Memorial Museum & Art Gallery, Exeter and The Natural History Museum, London. Zoosystematics and Evolution 93(2): 363-412.

Missing specimens

The authors were unable to locate all type mollusc material associated with Montagu. It may be in other UK museum collections (and possibly around the globe). Please contact the authors if you suspect you know the location of additional material.

Since submission of the paper further potential syntypes have been located in RAMM’s collections and another publication is pending:

Bulla diaphana Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4311)

Cardium arcuatum Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll3744)

Donax complanatus Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll3720-22)

Donax plebia Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4277)

Helix cingenda Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4143)

Helix lacuna Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4189)

Helix lutea Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4117)

Helix octanfracta Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4121)

Helix petraea Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4195)

Helix trochiformis Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4313)

Helix umbilicata Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4147)

Mactra boisyi Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4287)

Mytilus avonensis Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4037-8)

Nautilus lacustris Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4146)

Solen novacula Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll3706-7)

Trochus tenuis Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4184)

Turbo subtruncatus Montagu, 1803 (EXEMS: Moll4255)

Part of a wider project

This research is part of a much larger project by Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales and the Natural History Museum to catalogue mollusc type specimens in UK collections. The project is supported by the John Ellerman Foundation.