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When a species is described for the first time and published in the scientific literature a particular specimen (or sometimes group of specimens) must be chosen to represent this new species. They are scientifically very important. RAMM has several specimens in the collections that are definitely type material and some are listed here. I have also included some that MIGHT be types – please let us know if you can clarify this for us.
George Montagu’s Molluscs
Colonel George Montagu (1753-1815) is one of the British naturalists who established the foundation of modern scientific study. Montagu identified many British animal species for the first time. He was also among the earliest members of the Linnean Society.
One of Montagu’s most important works was ‘Testacea Britannica: a Natural history of British shells, marine, land, and fresh-water, including the most minute: systematically arranged and embellished with figures’. He published this in 1803. Later he also published a supplement to the first volume. Montagu used his own collection of shells for the descriptions and illustrations.
This collection includes all of Montagu’s specimens held by RAMM. To see just those identified as types please browse our type collection.
RAMM has curated a collection of objects to coincide with the BBC’s brand new series ‘Civilisations’ (airing weekly on BBC1 or available as a box set on BBC iPlayer). The series explores how human creativity began and developed, how civilisations around the world influenced one another and how artists have depicted the human form and the natural world.