Botanical drawing, taro, dasheen or eddoe

Description
The taro plant (Colocasia esculenta) is often said to be the world’s oldest crop plant, cultivated for its edible tubers, leaf stalks and leaves; it is very easily grown growing fast in warm, moist conditions. The tubers are usually eaten cooked to destroy poisonous calcium oxalate crystals. The leaves also can be eaten when boiled. Flowers are seldom produced in varieties cultivated for tubers, so it is interesting that they are shown here; this primitive variety, with small tubers, is often called var. antiquorum.

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the East India Company controlled much of the Indian subcontinent. Keen to exploit and export valuable natural commodities, the Company set out to record the flora of India and commissioned Indian artists to create detailed botanical illustrations. Many of the plants were known through their use in Ayurvedic medicine. One of the world’s oldest medicinal systems, it has been practised in India for 3,000 years.

Company School style paintings became popular with wealthy Europeans. It was not uncommon for East India Company officials (who were not employed as medics or botanists) to build their own personal collections of paintings depicting Indian flora and fauna. We cannot be sure how local amateur botanist Richard Cresswell came by this collection of 86 Company School works. It is possible Henry Creighton commissioned them during his time as a judge in Calcutta and that on his death the works came back to the UK with his daughter Frances who later married Richard Cresswell.
Accession Loan No.
19/1927/2/1
Collection Class
Drawings
Medium
watercolour on paper
Common Name
botanical drawing, taro, dasheen or eddoe
Simple Name
drawing
Full Name
Colocasia Antiquoturn Schott
Dimensions
total sheet H 555 mm; total sheet length 390 mm
Production Person Surname
anon
Period Classification
George III (1760-1811)
Production Year Low
1780
Production Year High
1810
Production Town
Calcutta
Production County
Bengal
Production Country
India
Production Area Region
South Asia
Production Continent
Asia
Family Group

Inscription / Transcription
HERB. MUS. EXON CRESSWELL COLLECTION 19/1927; Colocasia Antiquoturn Schott; No 1
Family
Araceae
Genus
Colocasia
Species
esculenta

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