Horseradish tree

The horseradish tree’s (Moringa oleifera) roots smell like horseradish. The leaves and young seedpods are particularly nutritious, containing large amounts of vitamins, calcium, protein and potassium. Leaves are generally cooked and used like spinach. Seedpods, around 30 cm long and known as drumsticks, are rich in oil and added to curries and soups.

In Indian traditional medicine, Moringa has been used to treat many diseases, from malaria and typhoid to skin infections and diabetes.

In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the East India Company controlled much of the Indian subcontinent. Keen to exploit and export valuable natural commodities, the Company set out to record the flora of India and commissioned Indian artists to create detailed botanical illustrations. Many of the plants were known through their use in Ayurvedic medicine. One of the world’s oldest medicinal systems, it has been practised in India for 3,000 years.

Company School style paintings became popular with wealthy Europeans. It was not uncommon for East India Company officials (who were not employed as medics or botanists) to build their own personal collections of paintings depicting Indian flora and fauna. We cannot be sure how local amateur botanist Richard Cresswell came by this collection of 86 Company School works. It is possible Henry Creighton commissioned them during his time as a judge in Calcutta and that on his death the works came back to the UK with his daughter Frances who later married Richard Cresswell.
Accession Loan No.
Collection Class
watercolour on paper
Common Name
horseradish tree
Simple Name
Full Name
Moringa Oleifera Lam
total sheet H 555 mm; total sheet length 390 mm
Production Person Surname
Period Classification
George III (1760-1811)
Production Year Low
Production Year High
Production Town
Production County
Production Country
Production Area Region
South Asia
Production Continent
Family Group

Inscription / Transcription
HERB. MUS. EXON CRESSWELL COLLECTION 19/1927; Moringa Oleifera Lam; No 64

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